Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.4322/polimeros.2014.038
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Effect of the Properties of Natural Resin Binder in a High Friction Composite Material

Bernard, S. Stephen; Jayakumari, L. S.

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Abstract

In this paper, a high-friction composite material based on the combination of binder, friction modifiers, fibers and fillers is investigated. In the binder, up to 20% of phenol are replaced by cardanol with various weight ratios of 100/0, 95/5, 90/10, 85/15, 80/20. Cardanol may react both through the phenolic group and the double bond of the side chain yielding addition, condensation and polymerisation reactions that allow the synthesis of tailor-made products and polymers of high value. In the present work, mechanical, thermal and wear characteristics of cardanol based phenolic resin with organic ingredients were manufactured and tested. An analysis of microstructure characteristics of composites was carried out using scanning electron microscope. The effect of environment on the composite was investigated in water, salty water and oil. The results showed that the addition of cardanol reduces the wear resistance and increases the compressibility which reduces the noise propensity.

Keywords

Cardanol, wear, friction, porosity

References



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