Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S0104-14282012005000074
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Effect of Hot Drawing Process on Physical and Thermal Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Containing Selective Peroxide and Comparison with Conventional Polypropylene Fibers

Kalantari, Bahareh; Mojtahedi, Mohammad R. M.; Shoushtari, Ahmad M.; Haji, Aminoddin

Downloads: 0
Views: 580

Abstract

In this research, the effect of the drawing process on the physical and thermal properties of commercially available polypropylene fiber containing selective peroxide was studied. Attempts have also been made to compare this drawn fiber sample with conventional polypropylene fibers produced from reactor and with controlled rheology grades. The results showed that the drawn PP/Peroxide fiber has higher birefringence, tenacity, and initial modulus compared with that of the drawn polypropylene fiber. Moreover, the fraction of load carrying chains in various drawn polypropylene fibers was evaluated on the basis of simplified models.

Keywords

Polypropylene fiber, peroxide, drawing process, orientation development, micromechanical model.

References

1. Ahmed, M. - “Polypropylene Fiber Science and Technology”, Elsevier, Amesterdam (1982).

2. Sheng, B.-R.; Li, B.; Xie, B.-H.; Yang, W.; Feng, J.-M. & Yang, M.- B. - Polym. Deg. Stab., 93, p.225 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. polymdegradstab.2007.09.011

3. Ryu, S. H.; Gogos, C. G. & Xanthos, M. - Polymer, 32, p.2449 (1991). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032-3861(91)90088-Z

4. Haung, J.-C. & Sirani, V. - Int. J. Polym. Mat., 46, p.151 (2000).

5. Tzoganakis, C.; Vlachopoulos, J. & Hamielec, A. E. - Polym. Eng. Sci., 28, p.170 (1988). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.760280308

6. Iedema, P. D.; Willems, C.; Vliet, G.; Bunge, W.; Mutsers, S. M. P. & Hoefsloot, H. C. J. - Chem. Eng. Sci., 56, p.3659 (2001). http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/S0009-2509(01)00054-9

7. Triacca, V. J.; Gloor, P. E.; Zhu, S.; Hrymak, A. N. & Hamielec, A. E. - Polym. Eng. Sci., 33, p.445 (1993). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ pen.760330802

8. Azizi, H.; Ghasemi, I. & Karrabi, M. - Polym. Test., 27, p.548 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2008.02.004

9. Machado, A. V.; Maia, J. M.; Canevarolo, S. V. & Covas, J. A. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 91, p.2711 (2004). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.13476

10. Berzin, F.; Vergnes, B.; Canevarolo, S. V.; Machado, A. V. & Covas, J. A. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 99, p.2082 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ app.22729

11. Berzin, F.; Vergnes, B. & Delamare, L. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 80, p.1243 (2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1210

12. Suwanda, D.; Lew, R. & Balke, S. T. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 35, p.1019 (1988). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1988.070350416

13. Ryu, S. H.; Gogos, C. G. & Xanthos, M. - Adv. Polym. Tech., 11, p.121 (1991). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adv.1991.060110205

14. Norton, D. R. & Keller, A. - Polymer, 26, p.704 (1985). http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/0032-3861(85)90108-9

15. Clark, E. S. & Spruiell, J. E. - Polym. Eng. Sci., 16, p.176 (1976). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.760160310

16. Lu, F. M. & Spruiell, J. E. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 34, p.1521 (1987). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1987.070340415

17. Misra, S.; Lu, F. M.; Spruiell, J. E. & Richeson, G. C. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 56, p.1761 (1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070561307

18. Andreassen, E.; Myhre, O. J.; Hinrichsen, E. L. & Grøstad, K. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 52, p.1505 (1994). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ app.1994.070521015

19. Samuels, R.J. - Polym. Eng. Sci., 16, p.327 (1976). http://dx.doi. org/10.1002/pen.760160510

20. Wang, I. -C.; Dobb, M. G. & Tomka, J. G. - J. Text. Inst., 87, p.1 (1996). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00405009608659051

21. Kamezawa, M.; Yamada, K. & Takayanagi, M. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 24, p.1227 (1979). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1979.070240508

22. Kalantari, B.; Rahbar, R. S.; Mojtahedi, M. R. M.; Shoushtari, S. A. M. & Khosroshahi, A. - J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 105, p.2287 (2007). http:// dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.26255

23. Pluta, M. - J. Microsc., 6, p.309 (1972). http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1972.tb01061.x

24. Hemsley, D. A. - “Applied Polymer Light Microscopy”, Elsevier Applied Science Publisher Ltd, London (1989). PMCid:318348. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-7474-9

25. Diacik, I.; Diacik, I. & Jabmrich, M. - Acta Polym., 41, p.500 (1990). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/actp.1990.010410908

26. Brandrup, J. & Immergut, E. H. - “Polymer Handbook”, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York (1975). PMid:1145800.

27. Amash, A. & Zugenmaier, P. - Polymer, 41, p.1589 (2000). http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(99)00273-6

28. Vasanthan, N. & Salem, D. R. - J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys., 39, p.536 (2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099- 0488(20010301)39:5<536::AID-POLB1027>3.0.CO;2-8

29. Samuels, R. J. - “Structured Polymer Properties”, Wiley, New York (1974).

30. Peterlin, A. - Polym. Eng. Sci., 17, p.183 (1977). http://dx.doi. org/10.1002/pen.760170307

31. Takayanagi, M.; Imada. K. & Kajiyama, T. - J. Polym. Sci. Part C: Polym. Symp., 15, p.263 (1967). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ polc.5070150118

32. Tadokoro, H. - Polymer, 25, p.147 (1984). http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/0032-3861(84)90321-5

33. Mirabella Junior, F. M. - J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys., 25, p.591 (1987). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/polb.1987.090250310

34. Penning, J. P. - ”Structure-properties relationships in polymeric fibers”, PhD Dissertation, University of Groningen, Netherlands (1994).

35. He, T. - Polymer, 27, p.253 (1986). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032- 3861(86)90335-6

36. Peterlin, A. - J. Mat. Sci., 6, p.490 (1971). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/ BF00550305

37. Williams, J. L. & Peterlin, A. - J. Polym. Sci. A-2: Polym. Phys., 9, p.1483 (1971). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pol.1971.160090808
588371837f8c9d0a0c8b492d polimeros Articles
Links & Downloads

Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia

Share this page
Page Sections