Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/S0104-14282012005000071
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Influence of Reprocessing in the Formation of Functional Groups During Low Density Polyethylene Aging

Selonke, Mauricio M.; Moreira, Tiago F.; Schafranski, Lincon L.; Bassani, Adriane; Carvalho, Benjamim de M.; Pinheiro, Luís A.; Prestes, Rosilene A.; Almeida, Denise M.

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Abstract

In recent years, the interest in polymer recycling has increased. However, in every reprocessing step the material undergoes shear stress and is affected by temperature and oxygen. The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of multiple extrusion in the generation of functional groups, namely hydroperoxide, carbonyl, and transvinylene. Low density polyethylene was reprocessed three times in a single screw extruder. In each recycling step hot pressed films were prepared. These films were submitted to a heat treatment in an oven with air circulation and renovation to proceed with aging tests at different times and temperatures. The results obtained showed that all functional groups had their concentration increased with the increase in number of reprocessing, the aging time and temperature of the heat treatment. The factorial design was applied to verify the influence of these parameters. All the parameters had significant effects, since their regression coefficients had the same order of magnitude, with the most influential parameter being the aging temperature, followed by the aging time and number of extrusions. Most of the interactions were influential, indicating that the formation of functional groups depends upon their interaction, and not only on their isolated effects.

Keywords

Low density polyethylene, multiple extrusions, factorial design, functional groups formation

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