Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.2282
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Layered double hydroxides as fillers in poly(l-lactide) nanocomposites, obtained by in situ bulk polymerization

Nogueira, Telma; Gonçalves, Núria; Botan, Rodrigo; Wypych, Fernando; Lona, Liliane

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Abstract

In this study in situ bulk polymerization of L-lactide filled with layered double hydroxides (LDH) was investigated. Four different LDHs intercalated with two different organic anions (salicylate and sebacate) were synthesized and characterized. After characterization, these synthetic layered compounds were used as fillers in poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) nanocomposites with two different fillers’s loadings (1 wt% and 2 wt%). PLLA and PLLA nanocomposites were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), ultraviolet and visible spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), dynamical mechanical analysis (DMA), flexural testing and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results demonstrated that, compared to PLLA, the nanocomposite containing 1 wt% of Zn/Al salicylate transmitted less UVA and UVB light, while keeping a similar transparency in the visible region. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed that the nanocomposite with 1 wt% of Zn/Al salicylate exhibited the highest thermal stability. In general the flexural and dynamical mechanical properties were reduced in compassion to neat PLLA. DSC results, demonstrated that, compared to PLLA, all the nanocomposites exhibited lower glass transition temperature and melting temperature values.

Keywords

layered double hydroxide, polylactide, polymeric nanocomposites, in-situ polymerization

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