Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.20220066
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

In-line rheo-optical characterization of PET hydrolysis and chain extension during extrusion

Luciana Assumpção Bicalho; Sebastião Vicente Canevarolo Junior

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Abstract

The thermo-mechanical degradation of PET during extrusion was studied in the transient state. Active agents, water, causing hydrolysis by chain scission and pyromellitic dianhydride PMDA, causing chain extension, were added to the extrusion flow as pulses. They change the PET molecular weight, affecting its the melt flow elasticity, which was followed in-line by a rheo-optical detector set in an instrumented slit-die, measuring synchronously, pressure drop and flow birefringence ( Δ n 12 ). The effect of the extrusion shearing level, set by 90º kneading blocks with different lengths, was also quantified. The results, as of residence time distribution curves, show the degree of thermo-mechanical degradation as hydrolysis and chain extension for each pulse type and concentration. Thus, assuming collinearity and full birefringence orientation along the melt flow the first normal stress difference N 1 can be monitored in-line.

 

 

Keywords

chain extension, hydrolysis, in-line rheo-optical characterization, polyethylene terephthalate, twin-screw extruder

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