Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

Fabrication of fracturing fluid with cationic surfactants and carboxymethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose

Sanbao Dong; Wen Tian; Wenting Qiang; Long Jiao; Jie Zhang; Gang Chen

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The surfactant-polymer-based (S/P) fracturing fluid combines the advantages of the surfactant-based and polymer-based fracturing fluids. In this study, the synergistic tackifying of cationic surfactants and carboxymethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose and the potential application in hydraulic fracturing fluid was investigated. Firstly, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) and salicylic acid (SA) with a weight ratio of 4:1 were optimized as the main agent of the small molecule surfactant gel, which was then mixed with carboxymethyl 2-hydroxyethyl ether cellulose (CMHEC) and salicylic acid (SA) to obtain the S/P gel. The proppant suspension performance, gel-breaking properties, salt-resistance and thermal stability of the optimized S/P were evaluated to confirm their potential application in the hydraulic fracturing fluid. These results showed that the performance of the S/P fracturing fluid system was much better than the performance of the surfactant fracturing fluid and also the performance of polymer fracturing fluid.




clean fracturing fluid, polymer, salicylic acid, surfactant


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