Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.1798
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Preparação e avaliação de nanocompósitos de poliestireno - hidróxido duplo lamelar HDL de ZnAl – organofuncionalizado com laurato/palmitato

Preparation and evaluation of polystyrene (PS) – layered double hydroxide (LDH) ZnAl – organofunctionalized with laurate/palmitate nanocomposites

Botan, Rodrigo; Gonçalves, Núria Angelo; Moraes, Samara Boaventura de; Lona, Liliane M. F.

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Resumo

Este trabalho descreve a síntese e caracterização de nanocompósitos de poliestireno (PS) e hidróxido duplo lamelar (HDL) formado pelos cátions de ZnAl via polimerização in situ. O HDL utilizado neste trabalho foi modificado com uma mistura de dois ânions, laurato e palmitato. Para caracterização da estrutura e morfologia dos nanocompósitos sintetizados, foram realizadas análises por difração de raios X (DRX) e microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (MET). As caracterizações térmicas, mecânicas e de flamabilidade foram realizadas via análise termogravimétrica (TGA), ensaio de flexão e ensaio de flamabilidade, respectivamente. Os resultados obtidos neste trabalho sugerem que os nanocompósitos sintetizados possuem, de uma forma geral, uma morfologia intercalada/esfoliada com melhoras em suas propriedades térmicas e mecânicas, quando comparados com o PS puro. Entretanto, não foi observado melhora na propriedade de flamabilidade.

Palavras-chave

nanocompósitos, poliestireno, hidróxido duplo lamelar, propriedade térmica, propriedade mecânica.

Abstract

This work describes the synthesis and characterization of polystyrene (PS) and layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanocomposites formed by ZnAl cations via in situ polymerization. The LDH used in this study was modified with a mixture of two anions: laurate and palmitate. The characterization of structure and morphology for the synthesized nanocomposites was developed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The thermal, mechanical and flammability characterizations properties were carried out via thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), bending test and flammability test, respectively. The results suggest that the nanocomposites have in general intercalated/ exfoliated morphology with improvements in thermal and mechanical properties compared to the neat PS. However no significant improvement was observed on the flammability property.

Keywords

nanocomposites, polystyrene, layered double hydroxide, thermal property, mechanical property.

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