Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.1686
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

Extraction of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) from Spirulina LEB 18 for developing nanofibers

Morais, Michele Greque de; Stillings, Christopher; Dersch, Roland; Rudisile, Markus; Pranke, Patricia; Costa, Jorge Alberto Vieira; Wendorff, Joachim

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to extract poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) from the microalgal biomass of Spirulina LEB 18 for the development of nanofibers by electrospinning method. Different extraction methods were tested. The maximum yield obtained was 30.1 ± 2%. It was possible to produce nanofibers with diameters between 826 ± 188 nm and 1,675 ± 194 nm. An increase in the nanofiber diameter occurred when a flow rate of 4.8 μL min-1 and a capillary diameter of 0.90 mm were used. The nanofibers produced had up to 34.4% of biomass additives, i.e., non-PHB materials. This can be advantageous, because it enables the conservation of microalgal biomass compounds with bioactive functions.

Keywords

biomass, electrospinning, nanofibers, PHB, Spirulina.

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