Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.06617
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

Coating of urea granules by in situ polymerization in fluidized bed reactors

Fernandes, Bruno Souza; Pinto, José Carlos; Cabral-Albuquerque, Elaine Christine de Magalhães; Fialho, Rosana Lopes Lima

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Abstract

The main objective of the present work is to produce and characterize urea granules coated with polymers prepared with aqueous solutions of acrylic acid and glycerol. Both coating and drying of urea granules were performed in a fluidized bed reactor. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses indicated the presence of poly(acrylic acid) and acrylic acid / glycerol copolymers on the granule coating and the formation of chemical bonds between urea and the polymer coating. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the original and coated urea granules presented different characteristics, reinforcing the idea that coating occurs in the fluidized bed. Finally, rates of urea release showed that the coated granules presented slightly slower rates of urea dissolution in water due to the presence of the coating layer. Therefore, it is shown that it is possible to produce coated urea granules through in-situ polymerization onto the granule surface using a fluidized bed.

Keywords

acrylic acid; coating; fluidized bed; glycerol; urea

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