Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

Relationship between stress relaxation behavior and thermal stability of natural rubber vulcanizates

Nabil Hayeemasae; Abdulhakim Masa

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It is well-recognized that different sulphur curing systems have greatly influenced to the final properties of the rubber vulcanizates. In this study, the properties of vulcanizates with conventional vulcanization (CV) and efficiency vulcanization (EV) systems were correlated in the aspect of stress relaxation and thermal stability. The stress relaxation behaviour and thermal stability were studied with the temperature scanning stress relaxation (TSSR) and with thermogravimatric analysis (TGA) techniques, respectively. Thermo-oxidative degradation of rubber chains in the CV system was greater than the EV system, leading to easier stress relaxation and poorer aging resistance of the CV system. Also, thermal stability of the rubber crosslinked with CV system was poorer than that with the EV system as corroborated by the activation energy of degradation. TSSR result correlated well with TGA result, and both revealed type of crosslinkages governed the thermo-oxidative degradation and thermal stability of vulcanizates.



natural rubber, stress relaxation, thermal stability, crosslink system


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