Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
https://revistapolimeros.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.00418
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Original Article

PET glycolysis optimization using ionic liquid [Bmin]ZnCl3 as catalyst and kinetic evaluation

Silva, Carlos Vinícius Guimarães; Silva Filho, Eloi Alves da; Uliana, Fabrício; Jesus, Luciana Fernanda Rangel de; Melo, Carlos Vital Paixão de; Barthus, Rosangela Cristina; Rodrigues, José Guilherme Aquino; Vanini, Gabriela

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Abstract

Abstract: In the present work, the depolymerization of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was performed by the method of glycolysis with ethylene glycol. The process was carried out using a factorial design in the Box-Behnken optimization model, using a response surface methodology (RSM) in which three factors (time, temperature and mass ratio of ethylene glycol) were studied in three levels of variation (- 1, 0, +1) with two replicates of the center point, totalizing 15 experiments for which the yield of bis (2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET) monomers formed in the process was chosen as response. In parallel, the Arrhenius kinetic test was used to determine the apparent activation energy (Ea) for the 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole trichlorozincate ([Bmin]ZnCl3) - catalyst used in the depolymerization process. The products of glycolysis obtained were characterized by spectroscopic techniques (FTIR), (1 H and 13C NMR), thermal analyses (TGA) and (DSC) and Mass Spectrometry LC-MS/MS hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap.

Keywords

PET; glycolysis; ionic liquids; design of experiments; activation energy energy

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