Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
http://revistapolimeros.org.br/journal/polimeros/article/doi/10.1590/0104-1428.2033
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia
Scientific & Technical Article

TLC/IR (UATR) off-line coupling for the characterization of additives in EPDM rubber compositions

Damazio, Denis; Campos, Eunice Aparecida; Diniz, Milton Faria; Mattos, Elizabeth da Costa; Dutra, Rita de Cássia Lazzarini

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Abstract

The knowledge of the components that constitutes a rubber composition is important to justify the properties of the final device, particularly when it comes to elastomeric compositions used in the aerospace industry. The development of methodologies that can detect components, specially the smallest proportion of the rubbers composition is a constant challenge and an important gap in the studies of this nature. Therefore, methodologies by using standard techniques and/or of last generation are important in rubber industry and research laboratories, aiming application in related research. In this context, this study shows the coupling/association techniques (off-line) of thin layer chromatography and infrared spectroscopy (TLC/IR), being the IR spectra obtained by universal attenuated total reflection (UATR), applied to the analysis of additives in rubber compositions of ethylene-propylene-diene rubber (EPDM). Two EPDM compositions, a kind of eluent system and Gibbs' reagent, as developer, were used. Basically, all organic components were detected by this methodology, being possible to suggest that it can be applied for detecting additives of similar chemical structures, even though it's presents in small amounts in the composition.

Keywords

additives, EPDM, TLC/IR off-line coupling, UATR.

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