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Scientific & Technical Article

Gelatinized and Nongelatinized Corn Starch/ Poly (ε-Caprolactone) Blends: Characterization by Rheological, Mechanical and Morphological Properties

Rosa, Derval S.; Guedes, Cristina G. F.; Pedroso, Andréa G.
Abstract:
Poly(ε-caprolactone)/corn starch blends containing 25, 50 and 75 wt.% starch were prepared by mechanical processing and characterized by the melt flow index (MFI), tensile test and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). For comparison, starch was used in gelatinized and nongelatinized forms and was also characterized by viscography. The addition of starch to poly(ε-caprolactone) reduced the MFI values, the tensile strength and the elongation at break, whereas the modulus increased. The reductions in the MFI and tensile properties were most evident when gelatinized starch was used. Viscography and SEM showed that starch was well gelatinized by the gelatinization process. Blends containing nongelatinized starch showed a good dispersion of starch but poor interfacial interactions.
Keywords:
Biodegradable polymers, gelatinization, polymer blends, poly(ε,-caprolactone), starch


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